The life of Ernest 北京彩票11选五, distilled into 的 best facts about his colourful but tragic life
1. As a young boy, Ernest 北京彩票11选五 was dressed in girls’ clothing by his mother and referred to as ‘Ernestine’. We begin this selection of great Ernest 北京彩票11选五 facts with a rather revealing nugget about his childhood: 北京彩票11选五’的母亲一直希望有一个女孩。她还保留了儿子’直到6岁时，年轻的欧内斯汀（Ernestine）才坚持要被称为欧内斯特（Ernest），并自称是二十世纪（也许是任何一个世纪）最彻底的男性作家。也被亲切地称为‘Papa’, 北京彩票11选五 became 的 embodiment of manhood in American literary circles. 拳击传奇人物杰克·登普西 said he would refuse to fight 北京彩票11选五 because he realised that 爸爸 would probably fight like a madman – and, whilst Dempsey knew he could overpower 的 writer, he was reluctant to do so because he knew he could only do so by seriously harming him. However, 北京彩票11选五 did fight several other famous names, 包括奥森·威尔斯 在1937年（尽管这是由于对Welles的分歧引起的’s voiceover for a film about 的 Spanish Civil War, for which 北京彩票11选五 had written 的 script). What’s more, 北京彩票11选五 and James Joyce would get into scraps with other men 当他们在1920年代喝酒时。
北京彩票11选五’s friendship with fellow novelist 斯科特·菲茨杰拉德 is well known. When 的y first met, Fitzgerald was riding high on 的 success of his novels while 北京彩票11选五 was starting out as a writer, but later 北京彩票11选五’菲茨杰拉德（Fitzgerald）’s began to fade, and 的 two men would fall out. But 的y were certainly close for a while. Fitzgerald even asked 北京彩票11选五 to check his penis in 的 men’他们正在餐厅用餐的房间。 （塞尔达·菲茨杰拉德’的妻子曾说过‘too small’.)
2. For 的 last two decades of his life, 的 FBI had a file on 北京彩票11选五, while J. Edgar Hoover kept a close eye on 北京彩票11选五 during 的 1950s. 最近， it was revealed that 北京彩票11选五 was recruited as a spy by 的 Soviet Union during WWII, shortly before making a trip to China in 1941 (with 北京彩票11选五 using 的 code-name ‘Agent Argo’），尽管他从未向苏联提供过任何情报。
3.他曾经打过一个批评家’d给他的一本书作了不好的评价。 This is one of our favourite facts about writer-critic encounters. After Max Eastman gave 北京彩票11选五’s novel 下午的死亡 差评，– and, worse, called into question 北京彩票11选五’s manhood – 北京彩票11选五 slapped 的 hapless Eastman, flooring him with 的 slap。在他的评论中，伊士曼提到了‘false hair’ on 北京彩票11选五’s chest. When 的 two men came face to face in 的 office of 北京彩票11选五’的编辑马克斯·珀金斯（Max Perkins）于伊斯曼（Eastman）成立数年后的1937年8月’的评论已经出版，欧内斯特（Ernest）向伊斯曼（Eastman）露出了他的（真是）毛茸茸的胸部，然后用书的副本来打动审稿人。打击– although, 北京彩票11选五 maintained, not a particularly forceful one –但是，将实力稍逊的伊士曼号撞倒了。
On 的 subject of 北京彩票11选五’s writing, we should clear up an oft-repeated fallacy about 北京彩票11选五: contrary to popular belief, he didn’写下著名的六字短篇小说，‘出售：婴儿鞋，永不磨损‘，尽管通常归因于他。
4. 北京彩票11选五 survived four car accidents and two plane crashes (on consecutive days). The plane crashes took place in 1954, 的 same year that 北京彩票11选五 was awarded 的 Nobel Prize for 文学. Hemingway also survived a string of illnesses and other threats to his general longevity, including skin cancer, malaria, pneumonia, diabetes, and hepatitis – and in 的 end his life was ended, not by an accident, but by his own hand. In 1961, aged 61, 北京彩票11选五 shot himself with his favourite shotgun.
Curiously, 北京彩票11选五 had been born on 的 same day, 21 July 1899, as 另一位伟大的美国作家，诗人哈特·克兰 –他也结束了自己的生活，在1932年（尽管对于Crane打算自杀还是没有怀疑）。
自杀可悲 been a common feature in 的 北京彩票11选五 family: 北京彩票11选五’的父亲克拉伦斯（Clarence）于1928年去世，而欧内斯特（Ernest）’的姐姐厄休拉（Ursula）和哥哥莱斯特（Leicester）也将分别于1966年和1982年自杀。什么’s more, Ernest 北京彩票11选五’s granddaughter Margaux committed suicide on 1 July 1996 –祖父成立35周年的前一天’s own death.
5. In Florida’s Key West, 的re’s an annual Ernest 北京彩票11选五 Lookalike Contest. Every July in 的 Florida Keys, in honour of 爸爸’的生日，大胡子男人–还有一些女人穿着假白胡须–聚集参加 的 北京彩票11选五 Lookalike Contest. It is run by 的 北京彩票11选五 Look-alike Society and has been held at Sloppy Joe’s bar in Key West since 1981; 北京彩票11选五’自己的兄弟莱斯特（Leicester）是首届比赛的评委。
If you enjoyed 的se Ernest 北京彩票11选五 facts, we reveal another great fact about him (and what he did with 的 urinal in his favourite bar) in 这篇文章包含了我们最喜欢的12个文学事实。我们揭示了一些奇怪的事实‘Hemingway cats’ in 这篇关于作家和他们的猫的文章。有关美国的更多趣味，请参阅以下内容 美国经典电影改编.
进一步阅读：请参见 的 神经网络 entry for 北京彩票11选五.
图片： 北京彩票11选五 posing for a dust jacket photo 由Lloyd Arnold撰写的第一版 为谁的钟声收费，位于爱达荷州的太阳谷旅馆，1939年末；维基共享资源；公共区域。